Swamplands of the Carboniferous

Swamplands of the Carboniferous
Lepidostrobus Pteridosperm Stigmaria Amphibian Blattodea Sphenophyllum Blattodea Syringodendron Cyperites Psaronius stem Pteridosperm Calamites Odonatoptera Lepidostrobus Lepidostrobus Sigillaria Psaronius Lepidodendron Annularia

Lepidostrobus

These are the spore containing reproductive cones of Lepidodendron and other lycophytes. This photo contains a Lepidostrobus lancifolius.

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Pteridosperm

Also referred to as seed ferns these plants have fern-like fronds and produce ovules for reproduction. This photo contains several Alethopteris specimens.

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Stigmaria

These are the root-like, underground branches of lycophytes. The indents are where rootlets attached to the main structure. This photo contains a Stigmaria sp.

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Amphibian

This is one of the early land dwelling tetrapods. The photo is of an Amphibamus lyelli which is related to modern amphibians.

Blattodea

Although this looks like a cockroach, it's actually from an extinct group of roach-like insects.

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Sphenophyllum

A vine-like extinct relative of the modern horsetail. This photo is a Sphenophyllum emarginatum.

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Blattodea

Although this looks like a cockroach, it's actually from an extinct group of roach-like insects.

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Syringodendron

This is the trunk of Sigillaria without bark. The round scars are where leaves attached. This is a photo of Syringodendron sp.

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Cyperites

These are the leaves of the lycophytes. They are thin and grass-like leaves. This photo is a Cyperites bicarinatum.

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Psaronius stem

This is the stem of a Psaronius fern, it was covered in a root mantle for support and near the top there are scars from where the fronds attached. This photo is a cross section of a Psaronius stem, the red arrow is pointing at where the leaf growing up the side of the stem is.

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Pteridosperm

Also referred to as seed ferns these plants have fern-like fronds and produce ovules for reproduction. This photo is a Trigonocarpus ovule.

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Calamites

An extinct relative of the modern horsetail, these plants could grow more than 30 feet tall. This photo is of a Calamites sp. stem.

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Odonatoptera

Dragonflies this large were not found in Mazon Creek swamps, and this one is likely based on Meganeura sp. The largest dragonfly found in Mazon Creek was Oligotypus makowskii.

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Lepidostrobus

These are the spore containing reproductive cones of Lepidodendron and other lycophytes. This photo contains a Lepidostrobus sp.

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Lepidostrobus

These are the spore containing reproductive cones of Lepidodendron and other lycophytes. This photo contains a Lepidostrobus oblongifolius.

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Sigillaria

A large lycophyte with scars on the trunk where leaves attached. This photo is a Sigillaria tessellata.

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Psaronius

A large tree fern with fronds sprouting near the top. These leaves have a few different names, including Cyathocarpus, Diplazites, Crenulopteris, and Pecopteris. This photo is a Pecopteris pseudovestita.

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Lepidodendron

A type of lycopsid tree fern, commonly referred to as scale trees. This photo is a Lepidodendron sp.

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Annularia

This is the name for the leaves of Calamites plants. This photo is of an Annularia inflata specimen.

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